Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a common disorder of the endocrine system. PCOS symptoms affect roughly ten percent of women and is a leading cause of infertility among them. As an autoimmune disease, the syndrome is relatively new and largely unknown. Doctors are working around the clock in order to fully understand the disease’s causes, which are currently theorized to include the patient’s weight, resistance to insulin, medical history, and genetics.
The conditions occur when the ovaries of a patient are too stimulated and begin to produce excessive amounts of testosterone and other male hormones. Many patients with PCOS present with one or more ovarian follicles or cysts which form as the ovary releases an egg. The disease also can result in infertility which is also sometimes not able to be reversed.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome can present in girls at practically any age as long as they are within reproducing age and is sometimes left undiagnosed for numerous years because of its vague symptoms. Different women will usually experience a range of different signs but the regular ones tend to include a significant weight gain, specific menstrual problems, excessive hair, and lack of ovulation.
The presence of ovary follicles used to be a symptom of the disease too but was over time dropped because not all patients with cysts have polycystic ovarian syndrome and vice versa. In early 2003, the criteria for diagnosing the debilitating disease included that a woman must have at least three of the four mentioned signs in order to get diagnosed.
In order to get to a diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome, a physician will first look at the woman’s medical and family history. A visual exam will confirm or rule out the presence of other signs such as a lot of extra body hair, noticeable weight gain, and facial acne. A blood test and vaginal exam will be done as well to look for increased hormone levels and ovarian cysts.
Once a good diagnosis has been made, the woman’s physician can then work on creating a treatment plan. This serious syndrome sadly can not be completely cured but most of its signs can be properly managed. Certain medicine can be taken to help decrease a person’s insulin levels and a low carb diet paired with regular workouts can help in the weight loss.
Sometimes losing the extra weight is enough to fix or reinstate a girl’s fertility. If not, then special pills or other treatments can be considered. In many cases, special birth control pills are given to patients. These items are often great at reducing a woman’s acne and hirsutism. These treatments can also decrease or sooth the painful follicles too.
Though the cause of the disease is not totally known by scientist just yet, most of them postulate that a patient’s genetics might play a much bigger role than was once theorized. It has not been thoroughly proven, but many studies have found that polycystic ovarian syndrome might be hereditary in a lot of cases. The female relative of a girl who has been given a diagnosis of PCOS has nearly a fifty percent chance of getting it herself. The syndrome has been determined to be passed via her paternal side as well.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome can be very unpleasant condition for a woman. Get more information about ovarian cyst and PCOS symptoms and treatments by visiting at PCOSandFibroids.com. You will find information also about uterine fibroids treatments and symptoms.