Fibromyoma is a very common affliction which causes benign tumors to develop inside and outside of the uterus of a woman during her childbearing years. Also known as Uterine Fibroids, an estimated 30% to 50% of women are affected. Some studies show that figures may be as high as 8 in 10 women. Most women with Fibromyoma experience few symptoms, if any. Because of this, the disorder is frequently undiagnosed.
The term “Fibromyoma” indicates non-cancerous lesions occurring inside or outside of the uterus. There is a variety of different tumors known to affect women, although how many women is undetermined. The internal lesions are called Sumucous, Intramural, or Intracavitary. The external lesions are Subserous and Pedunculated.
The symptoms caused by Fibromyoma depend upon the type of tumor, and its size. A Pedunculated lesion appears to be attached by a string on the outer wall of the uterus; it is dying off by having its blood supply strangled away. This process causes pain in the abdomen. A Subserous tumor generally is painless, but if it grows large enough to press into other organs, it can cause great discomfort.
Symptoms of internal tumors include infertility caused by a reduced area in which a fertilized egg can implant. Too many tumors on the interior walls may make pregnancy completely impossible. Other problems include extremely heavy, painful menstrual cycles, also known as Menorrhagia.
Approximately two thirds of tumors are too small to be detected during a pelvic exam. Because of this, and a general lack of obvious symptoms, the true number of occurrences may never be known. The figures of 30-50% are relatively loose. It is believed that women of certain races have a higher instance of tumors, but this also may be due in part to the lack of detection being more frequent in one group than others.
Tumors rarely occur in women under the age of 20. They are also known to diminish in women after menopause. It is believed that the cause is hormonal changes, particularly in estrogen. The tumors are most likely to occur in women during pregnancy, or while taking birth control pills. Less than 1% of all lesions are malignant, and those are often detected because they develop after menopause.
For years, experts have tried to determine if there is any genetic link in families. Currently, there is zero evidence supporting heredity theories. Nevertheless, many women believe Fibroids are inheritable in their families. It is more probably that when one woman is diagnosed, her female relatives will then request examinations to determine if they also have this affliction, and this creates the appearance of many closely related women all having the same disorder.
Although some tumors cause pain, the vast majority are asymptomatic. Due to the lack of symptoms and the infrequency of detection, most uterine fibroids go undiscovered through the duration of a woman’s lifetime. Without proper diagnoses statistics, it may never be known exactly how many women are afflicted with this disorder. Still, Fibromyoma is the leading cause for hysterectomy surgeries, and studies of post-surgery organs shows evidence that as many as 8 out of every 10 women develop Fibroids.
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